Tactical firearms are equipped by special law enforcement units that perform duties outside of regular law officers duties. They are usually equipped with specialized weapons including submachine guns, assault rifles, breaching shotguns, riot control agents, stun grenades and sniper rifles. They also have specialized equipment including heavy body armor, ballistic shields, entry tools, armored vehicles, advanced night vision optics, and motion detectors for covertly determining the positions of hostages or hostage takers inside of an enclosed structure.
The most common weapons used by tactical units include submachine guns, assault rifles, shotguns, and sniper rifles.
Tactical aids include K9 Units, flash bang, stinger and tear gas grenades.
Semi-automatic pistols are the most popular sidearms. Examples:
- M1911 pistol series
- Sig Sauer series (especially the Sig P226 anSig P229)
- Beretta 92 series
- Glock pistols
- H&K USP series
- 5.7x28mm FN Five-Seven P90.
- Benelli M1,
- Benelli M1014
- Remington 870 and 1100
- Mossberg 500 and 590
- Carbines includes:
- Colt CAR-15& M4
- Heckler & Koch G36& HK416.
While affording Tactical teams increased penetration and accuracy at longer ranges, the compact size of these weapons is essential as Tactical units frequently operate in CQB environments. The Colt M16A2can be found used by marksmen or Tactical officers when a longer ranged weapon is needed. The common sniper rifles used are M14 rifle and the Remington 700P.Many different variants of bolt action rifles are used by Tactical , including limited use of .50 caliber sniper rifles for more intense situations.